UNESCO: World Heritage Sites in Canada
Canada joined the World Heritage Convention in the year 1976. Since then, 20 of Canada’s most cherished and precious heritage sites have been included in the UNESCO’s World Heritage List. These sites represent some of the most rousing creations of nature and some of the most outstanding achievements of humanity. UNESCO has accepted these World Heritage sites in Canada because they represent stories of Canada that are of international significance to the world.
Given below is the list of a few world heritage sites in Canada that people from all around the globe enjoy and cherish. These sites are divided into three types; natural, cultural, and mixed.
- Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks: Located in Alberta and British Columbia, Canadian rocky mountain park is a natural heritage site. It consists of exceptional features such as high peaks, canyons, lakes, waterfalls, and glaciers. It has also been considered one of the heritage sites where fossil fields (the Burgess Shale Formation) are also located.
- Dinosaur Provincial Park: The Dinosaur Provincial Park is also located in Alberta, and it is a natural heritage site. The park is well-known for its beautiful badland landscape. It is also known as a significant fossil site. In fact, specimens of cretaceous dinosaurs have been found in this site which dates back to more than 75 million years ago.
- Gros Morne National Park: Yet another natural heritage site which is located in Newfoundland and Labrador. One of the most magnificent features of this site is that it consists of deep ocean rocks and crusts, which illustrates plate tectonics. In addition to this, Gros Morne National Park also consists of landlocked freshwater fjords, together with glacier-scoured headlands in an ocean setting which are the contributing factors in the wild beauty of this park.
- Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump: It is a cultural site that is located in Alberta. This heritage property consists of remains of trails and camps in addition to the barrow of bones of Bisons. It also tells us where Bisons were used to engage in a practice called buffalo hump in which they were driven over a cliff. The tale bears testimony to 6000 years of public hunting.
- Joggins Fossil Clips: Located in Nova Scotia, it is yet another cultural heritage. Joggins Fossil Clips is a paleontological site that contains a record of the Carboniferous period. It also consists of tracks of the early animals that existed and the rainforests they lived in. It is the only UNESCO heritage site that contains the most complete terrestrial fossil record.
In addition to the above-mentioned heritage sites, there is Landscape of Grand-Pré, Historic District of Old Québec, Kluane / Wrangell-St Elias / Glacier Bay / Tatshenshini-Alsek, Mistaken Point, Miguasha National Park, Nahanni National Park, Old Town Lunenburg, Pimachiowin Aki, Red Bay Basque Whaling Station, Wood Buffalo National Park, Waterton Glacier International Peace Park, L’Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site, SG̱ang Gwaay Llanagaay, Writing-on-Stone / Áísínai’pi to name a few.