Historical Cuba – UNESCO sites
Cuba has a rich, diverse culture and a great history. Moreover, it also has a plethora of UNESCO World Heritage sites that you can check out and visit right away. These are offering a wonderful insight into the Cuban history, and it’s certainly unlike anything that you can find out there. Visiting Cuba is spectacular, and these locations are well worth checking out!
Old Havana and the Fortification
Old Havana was founded in 1519, and they created a very complex fortification system to protect the city. At that time, it was the largest port in the Caribbean. Both the fortification and the old city center are enlisted as UNESCO world heritage sites. You can learn a lot about the history of the city by visiting some forts like the Fortaleza de San Carlos de la Cabaña or Castillo de la Real Fuerza.
San Pedro de la Roca Castle
You can find San Pedro de la Roca Castle in Santiago de la Cuba. The cool thing here is that this is a multi-level fortress and the main purpose was to protect the city against pirate attacks. You can find the castle on a rocky soil, and it overlooks the harbor. It has a Renaissance military architecture and multiple terraces. It’s open to the public, and sometimes you can even witness the firing of cannons.
The Valley de los Ingenios
Trinidad has many fantastic places to check out, one of them being the Valley de los Ingenios. This area was a hub for the sugar industry during colonial times. Moreover, some buildings and structures are very well-preserved, so it’s a sight to behold and certainly an astonishing place to explore and enjoy seeing. Not only that, but you can check the colonial mansion, slave quarters and even some milling machines.
Cienfuegos’s history center
Here you can find the Provincial Museum of Cienfuegos, which was an ex-casino building. Another important historical location is the Holy Church Pure Concepción Cathedral, which does stand out of the crowd with its unique appeal and rich history. All these buildings look extraordinary, with the Tomas Terry Theatre in particular having lots of decorative features, many carvings and so on.
Desembarco del Granma National Park
The Desembarco del Granma National Park is found in the SW tip of Cuba. It’s the place where Che Guevara, Fidel Castro and their men landed after fleeing from Mexico during the 1950s. It has major historical significance, but at the same time it’s also a really cool place to check out. It has limestone terraces, amazing sea cliffs, you will even find a few caves there too.
One thing is certain, exploring historical Cuba is exciting, you get to learn a lot about the local history, and moreover, the locations are spectacular. These UNESCO sites are unlike anything else out there, so you should definitely consider checking them out if you are in Cuba!