Qal’at al-Bahrain – Ancient Harbour and Capital of Dilmun

Who wants to explore the world? Bahrain should be in the first place. Qal’at al-Bahrain is one of the unique archaeological sites in the Persian Gulf. It is an excellent sign of world heritage and attracts many visitors through its ancient beauty. Here I will reveal the complete history of the Harbour and capital of Dilmun, Qal’at al-Bahrain.

Qal’at al-Bahrain 

Ancient Harbour and Capital of Dilmun is an archaeological site of four main components. One is the artificial hill developed over 16 hectares—this whole area is surrounded by palm groves and traditional gardens that start noticeably through the western and northern sides. It represents the tremendous architectural look in the Bahrain and Persian Gulf. It is located towards the Northern Governorates of the present Capital of Bahrain.

Qal’at al Bahrain was considered as a world heritage by UNESCO in 2005. Its creatively decorated houses represent the picture of fairy-tales to his visitors. Every unique place gains popularity in its visitors due to its culture, development, and way to attract them.

Moreover, this area was inhabited 45,000 years ago. Many buildings start developing like houses, shops, military forces, churches, and many more. Then this Persian Gulf starts trading with Mesopotamia.

Representation of Bahrain and the Persian Gulf.

Qal’at al-Bahrain is a continuous way to represent the Persian Gulf and Bahrain culture from a long time ago, from 2300 BC to the present era. It is the largest, well known archeological site in Bahrain.

Its unique appearance in the Eastern Arabia region makes it the intact stratigraphic and profound representation of Bahrain and the Gulf. Their marine trade control plays an essential role in its success during the Tylos and Islamic periods through the Gulf.

The defensive architecture of Qal’at al-Bahrain

The unique and attractive qualities of Qal’at al-Bahrain make it popular, and Uneeso declares it as a symbol of heritage. Archaeologists excavating tell plays a vital role in preserving the urban fabric and discover unbelievable findings. It helps develop precious qualities and manifest in the monumental and defensive architecture site of world heritage.

One of the other unique qualities includes the Sea tower, probably the most ancient lighthouse. It is an example or symbol of maritime trade routes throughout this city.

Adjacent sea channel also enhances its importance in the ways of trade.

Critical points of Qal’at al- Bahrain

  • It has many layers of heritage from Dilmun, Greek, Arab, and the Persian Gulf.
  • When you enter, the visitor sees a water channel that is one of the most harbor signs of Dilmun civilization. You can see the recognizable large stones from the city construction.
  • Portuguese fort has many lights that make it brilliantly illuminated and help to enjoy the historical ruins. This fort was Arabic and then converted into Portuguese. It represents the European style, so this is a two styled military architecture.
  • Many rooms are dedicated to making honey, which helps in the expensive support. It’s hard to believe that Bahrain is the land of spring and honey.
  • This fort is an attractive place in Bahrain that facilitates air condition café, proper car parking, and many other facilities.


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